Mazda 323

since 1985 of release

Repair and car operation



Mazda 323

- Introduction
   About this Management
   Mazda-323 brand cars — the introduction
   Identification numbers of the car
   Acquisition of spare parts
   Technology of service, tools and workplace equipment
   Engine start from an auxiliary source
   Poddomkrachivaniye and towage
   Automobile himikaliya, oils and greasings
   Diagnostics of malfunctions
   Routine maintenance
   + Works on maintenance
   + Box transfers/drive of wheels
   + brakes/tyres/wheels
   + Steering management/drive of forward wheels
   + car Electric equipment
   + Body / internal equipment
+ Petrol engines
+ System of greasing of the engine
+ System of cooling of the engine
+ ignition System
+ Power supply system, carburetor, system of injection of fuel
+ Diesel engine
+ System of production of the fulfilled gases
+ Coupling
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Suspension bracket and steering system
+ Brake system
+ Wheels and tires, body, car coloring, care of the car
+ electric equipment System
+ Heater, lighting system, devices
+ Governing bodies and operation receptions
+ Electric circuits






Diagnostics of malfunctions

Engine

The engine is started badly or not started in general

Mistakes at start.

  • On the cold engine: Once completely to squeeze out a pedal of gas and to release. Completely to squeeze out coupling and to start the engine.
  • If the temperature is below a freezing point or the car was not maintained some days, it is necessary to squeeze out a pedal of gas two-three times
  • On the warm engine: At start to squeeze out a gas pedal to a half. To start the engine. When the engine will be started, to release a gas pedal. Not to pump over a gas pedal.
  • On the hot engine: Completely to squeeze out a pedal of gas and, holding in this situation (not to pump over), to start the engine. After start to release a pedal.

Injector engine: At start a pedal of gas not to squeeze out.

Diesel engine:

  • On the cold engine: To include ignition when the control lamp will go out, completely to squeeze out coupling and gas pedals and to start the engine.
  • On the warm engine: Preheat is not required, the engine can be started at once. If the engine is not started at once, to wait and repeat start a little. Before supply of gas let's to the engine some time work on single turns.

The system of ignition is faulty or polluted. To check ignition system according to the table of malfunctions.

The power supply system is faulty or polluted. To check a power supply system according to the table of malfunctions.

The starter turns very slowly. To charge the battery. To check a starter.

The gap of valves does not correspond to requirements. To adjust a gap of valves.

Gazoraspredeleniye phases are displaced. To check gazoraspredeleniye phases, to check a tension of a gear belt.

Too low pressure of a compression. To adjust a gap of valves, to touch the engine.

Laying of a head of cylinders is faulty. To replace laying.

On the diesel engine: the preheat system is faulty. To check preheat system according to the table of malfunctions.

Nozzles are faulty. To check nozzles.

TNVD is faulty. To check TNVD.

System of greasing of the engine

The control lamp does not burn after ignition inclusion

The sensor of pressure of oil is faulty. To include ignition. To disconnect a wire of the sensor and to close on weight. If the lamp lights up, the sensor to replace.

On the sensor tension, contacts корродированы does not move. To check electric wires and contacts.

The control lamp is faulty. To replace a control lamp.

The control lamp does not die away after engine start

Oil too warm. Normally, if the control lamp goes out after supply of gas.

The control lamp does not die away after supply of gas or lights up during movement

Pressure of oil the too low. To check oil level.

The wire to the sensor of pressure of oil has short circuit on weight. To disconnect a cable from the sensor and to take aside (without closing on weight).

The sensor of pressure of oil is faulty. To replace the sensor.

Too low pressure of oil on all turns

In the engine there is not enough oil. To add oil.

The mesh filter is littered. To remove the case pallet, to clear the mesh filter.

The oil pump is worn-out. To remove the oil pump and to check it, if necessary to replace.

Damages of bearings. To remove the engine.

Too low pressure of oil on small turns

The Reduktsionny valve залип abroach because of pollution. To remove and check the valve.

Too high pressure of oil at number of turns is higher than 3000 rpm

The Reduktsionny valve does not open because of pollution. To remove and check the valve.

System of cooling of the engine

The temperature of cooling liquid is too high, the arrow is in red area

In system of too little cooling liquid. The broad tank should be filled to a mark. If necessary to add liquid. To check tightness of system of cooling.

The thermostat does not open, cooling liquid circulates only on a small contour. Whether to check a warm top hose of cooling liquid. Otherwise to remove and check the thermostat, if necessary to replace it. In a way: to remove the thermostat. Without the thermostat the engine reaches the normal working temperature later, or does not reach at all therefore faulty thermostat to replace as soon as possible.

Too small tension of a multiridge maple belt of the water pump. To check and adjust a tension.

Radiator plates are polluted. To blow a radiator the compressed air from the engine.

The radiator is littered inside because of limy deposits or a rust, the bottom hose of a radiator the cold. To replace a radiator.

The electrofan does not work. To check durability of landing and tip contact on a thermoswitch and the fan motor. To check a thermoswitch. In a way: To disconnect the tip from a thermoswitch. The fan will constantly work, while ignition is included. As a rule, additional cooling by the fan is necessary only at movement in a city cycle or short pieces. Whether to check tension is put to the tip of the motor of the fan (ignition is included, the thermoswitch tip перемкнут). If yes, that to replace the fan motor.

The radiator cover is faulty. To make check under pressure (it is carried out in a workshop).

The index of temperature of cooling liquid is faulty. To check the index/sensor.

Ignition system

The engine is started badly or not started in general

There is no ignition spark, a distributor cover damp, polluted. To clear and dry up a distributor cover.

Cracks in the distributor cover, the burned-through channels. To replace a distributor cover.

The contact piece of coal in a distributor cover is worn-out. To replace a piece of coal.

The distributor begunok is faulty. To replace a begunok.

Too high resistance distributor begunka. To replace a begunok.

Too high resistance of cables of ignitions/tips of candles. To replace cables ignitions/tips of candles.

Tips of candles are connected incorrectly. To connect tips of candles in sequence 1-3-4-2.

Spark plugs crude because of numerous attempts of start. To clear and dry up spark plugs.

Spark plugs outside damp or are polluted. To clear and dry up spark plugs, to put on candles and tips protective silicone caps.

Too low capacity of the coil of ignition. To check durability of landing and contact of wires on the ignition coil.

Cracks and channels прогара in the ignition coil. To replace the ignition coil.

Tension loss because of a contact of electric connections or wires about engine hoses. To lay wires properly.

The ignition moment is strongly shifted. To adjust the ignition moment.

Supply voltage of a monitor less than 9,5 V.Proverit degree of a charge of the battery.

The Hall sensor is faulty. To check the Hall sensor (it is carried out in a workshop).

Carburetor

The cold engine is not started

The starting zaslonka is not closed. To check automatic equipment of cold start.

The starting zaslonka or draft have a heavy course. To make a zaslonka course free.

Weakened fastening of an axis of a starting zaslonka or the driving lever. To uncover the carburetor. To press a new axis, in need of the driving lever, to insert a ball and a spring.

The butterfly valve opens insufficiently. To adjust a butterfly valve gap.

Supply of fuel is interrupted. To check supply of fuel

  • The fuel tank is empty. To fill in fuel
  • Toplivoprovoda are not tight, flattened. To check
  • pipelines, if necessary to replace
  • The fuel pump is not tight. To replace the fuel pump
  • The membrane of the fuel pump is broken off. To replace the fuel pump.

The float, the needle valve of a float are not tight. To replace, check float level.

Jets are polluted or littered. To clear, replace.

The engine глохнет at cold start

The starting zaslonka does not open, has a heavy course. To make a zaslonka course easy.

Insufficient amount of fuel in the poplavkovy chamber because of evaporation on the hot engine. To make start once again, several times to squeeze out a pedal of gas and to start the engine with the pressed pedal.

The engine глохнет, without having reached the worker температурь

Cм. The section Engine глохнет at cold start.

Adjustment of idling does not correspond to requirements. To adjust number of turns and the contents WITH.

Engine подсасывает extraneous air. To check tightness of an inlet path.

The butterfly valve shaft is worn-out. To replace the carburetor.

Weakened fastening of jets in the carburetor. To tighten.

Weakened carburetor fastening. To tighten fastening nuts, if necessary to establish new laying of the carburetor.

Hot start is complicated

Reenrichment owing to evaporation and fuel condensation. To start the engine on full gas (Holding a pedal of gas pressed).

Formation of steam jams in system of supply of fuel. To start the engine on full gas and to get under way from a place with the raised number of turns. At repeated emergence to replace gasoline brand, to refuel firm gasoline.

Full capacity, interruptions is not reached at full loading

Working mix too poor or too rich.

  • The fuel filter is polluted. To replace
  • Jets are polluted. To clean
  • Fuel level too low / the too high.

To adjust a float

  • Fuel tank ventilation is littered. To clean
  • The butterfly valve opens not completely. To adjust a gas drive.

Too small air passings.

  • The starting zaslonka opens not completely. To adjust a drive of a starting zaslonka
  • The element of the air filter is polluted. To clear, if necessary to replace.

System of injection of fuel

The engine is not started

At starter inclusion the electric fuel pump does not work. To check, whether tension is put to the pump. To check electric contacts on good conductivity.

Zalipli injection gates. To check gates, if necessary to replace.

Too low pressure of fuel. To check pressure of fuel.

The measuring instrument of weight of air is faulty. To check a measuring instrument of weight of air.

The tip on a monitor is faulty. To check the tip, if necessary to replace.

The cold engine is started badly, works unstably

The contents WITH does not correspond to requirements. To check the contents WITH and idling.

The sensor of temperature of cooling liquid is faulty. To check the temperature sensor.

The system of an admission of air is not tight. To check connections of inlet system.

The air valve is faulty. To check the air valve.

Too low pressure of fuel. To check pressure of fuel.

The warm engine is started badly, works unstably

Poor quality of fuel, formation of steam jams. To fill firm fuel.

The system of an admission of air is not tight. To check connections of inlet system.

The engine works with interruptions

Electric connections to the fuel pump interrupt from time to time. To check a condition of shtekerny connections and sockets of electric wires of the fuel pump. To check a safety lock. To clear contacts, if necessary to replace.

The monitor tip is faulty. To check the tip, if necessary to replace.

Poor quality of fuel, formation of steam jams. To fill firm fuel.

Too low pressure of fuel. To check pressure of fuel.

The fuel filter is littered. To replace the fuel filter.

The sensor of temperature of cooling liquid is faulty. To check the temperature sensor.

Injection gates are faulty. To check injection gates.

The measuring instrument of weight of air is faulty. To check a measuring instrument of weight of air.

The system of an admission of air is not tight. To check connections of inlet system.

The engine has interruptions in work on transitional modes

The system of an admission of air is not tight. To check connections of inlet system.

Idling adjustment is incorrect. To check an idling regulator, the catalyst (lambda adjustment).

The sensor of a butterfly valve is faulty or incorrectly adjusted. To check the butterfly valve sensor.

The hot engine is not started

Too high pressure in fuel system. To check pressure of fuel, if necessary to replace a pressure regulator.

The returnable pipeline between a regulator of pressure and a fuel tank is littered or will bend. To clean or replace the pipeline.

The sensor of temperature of the engine is faulty. To check the temperature sensor.

Injection gates are not tight. To remove gates, pipelines to leave connected, to include for short time a starter.

The fuel system is not tight. Visually to check all places of connections in the field of the engine and the electric fuel pump. To tighten all connections.

The system of an admission of air is not tight. To check all connections of inlet system.

System of injection of the diesel engine

The engine is not started or started badly

The engine does not get warm previously. To check preheat system.

On the electromagnetic valve of interruption of supply of fuel tension does not move. To connect to the electromagnetic valve the tension indicator.

Fastening of the electromagnetic valve is weakened, the valve is faulty. To check durability of landing and reliable contact of the valve to weight. To switch on and off ignition, thus the valve should click.

The system of supply of fuel is faulty. To check, that fuel moved.

Toplivoprovoda are bent, littered.

  • are not tight, with cracks. To check топливопроводы.
  • the fuel filter is littered. To clean топливопроводы.
  • ventilation of a fuel tank is littered. The fuel grid in a tank is polluted. To clean.

Nozzles are faulty. To check nozzles.

TNVD is faulty. For check to establish the new pump

The engine works with breakthroughs idling at a troganiye from a place

Weakened fastening of hoses on the fuel pump or on the fuel filter. To replace fuel hoses, to fix collars, to tighten hollow bolts.

See. The section Engine is not started or started badly.

Fuel consumption is too high

The fuel filter is polluted. To replace filtering element.

The power supply system is not tight. To make visual check of all топливопроводов.

It is littered returnable топливопровод. To blow air the returnable pipeline from TNVD to a fuel tank. To replace perepuskny a throttle in a hollow bolt of the returnable pipeline.

The number of turns of idling is too high. To adjust number of turns of idling

The control lamp of preheat does not light up

The control lamp on the dashboard is faulty. To replace a lamp.

The preheat/glow plug system is faulty. To check glow plugs.

The control lamp of preheat does not burn, the cold engine is started badly

It is faulty one or several candles of an incandescence. To check and if necessary to replace glow plugs.

Coupling

Coupling pulls

Too low number of turns of idling. To adjust number of turns of idling.

Engine or transmission bearings are faulty. To check, if necessary to replace.

The transmission is not strongly fixed in a suspension bracket. To tighten fastening bolts.

The cable of a drive of coupling is laid incorrectly (treats only coupling with a mechanical hummock drive). It is correct to make cable laying.

Press the disk presses non-uniformly. To replace press a disk.

The stereotyped conducted disk MAZDA is established. To establish an original conducted disk.

The conducted disk is worn-out or greasy. To check a conducted disk.

Vyzhimna the bearing presses unilaterally. To check a fork of switching off of coupling and vyzhimny the bearing.

Coupling revolves

Insufficient люфт coupling pedals. To adjust люфт pedals.

Jams the working cylinder. To replace the working cylinder.

The conducted disk is worn-out. To check thickness of a conducted disk, if necessary to replace.

Insufficient force of a diafragmenny spring. To replace press a disk.

The slip hardened or was made oily. To replace a conducted disk.

Coupling was перегрето. To establish an original detail of MAZDA.

Transfers join hardly or do not join at all (coupling is incorrectly switched off)

Slip залипла because of wear products. To replace a conducted disk.

The conducted disk jammed on primary shaft, shlitsevy connection dried or залипло. To clear shlitsevy connection, to remove agnails, if necessary to remove a rust and to grease with MoS2 greasing.

The conducted disk has lateral palpation. To check a conducted disk.

It is too great люфт couplings. To adjust люфт coupling pedals.

Air in pipelines of a drive of coupling (only for coupling with a hydraulic drive). To pump over a coupling drive.

Working or main cylinders of a drive of coupling (only for coupling with a hydraulic drive) are faulty. To repair coupling cylinders.

The disk is faulty press. To replace press a disk.

Heavy course of a pedal

Heavy course of an axis of a pedal/cable (treats only coupling with a mechanical hummock drive). Details to grease or replace.

Unusual noise at inclusion and coupling switching off

The bearing is worn-out vyzhimny. To replace vyzhimny the bearing.

Weakened details in a coupling case. To repair coupling.

Brake system

The increased course of a pedal of a brake

Brake shoes are in whole or in part worn-out. To adjust or replace brake shoes.

The brake contour failed. To check, whether brake liquid follows.

Drum-type brakes are incorrectly adjusted. To check system of adjustment of brake shoes.

Cable of the hand brake will pull too strongly. To adjust the hand brake.

The pedal of a brake springs and fails

Air in brake system. To remove air from system.

There is not enough liquid in a tank. To add new brake liquid.

Formation of vials of steam. It is shown, mainly, at big load of brakes. To replace brake liquid, to remove air from system.

Decrease in effect of braking, pedal fails

Pipeline leakage. To tighten connections of the pipeline or to replace tubes.

Damage of cuffs to the main thing or working brake cylinders. To replace a cuff. In the main brake cylinder to replace internal elements.

The sealing cuff between brake contours in the main brake cylinder is faulty. To replace a cuff.

Specially for disk brakes:

Rubber laying is damaged. To repair a support.

Bad braking despite big effort of pressing of a pedal

Brake slips are greasy. To replace brake shoes.

The improper or hardened blocks are established. To replace blocks. To establish original blocks of MAZDA firm.

The brake amplifier is faulty. To check the brake amplifier.

The piston jams. To repair a support.

The hydraulic system is polluted. To clean.

Specially for disk brakes:

Brake shoes are worn-out. To replace brake shoes.

Brakes are blocked at easy braking

Brake shoes are slightly greasy. To replace brake shoes.

Returnable springs are weakened. To replace returnable springs.

Brakes heat up during movement

The compensatory opening in the main brake cylinder is littered. To clear main цилинр and to replace internal elements.

Insufficient free wheeling on a pusher of the main brake cylinder. To check.

The piston of a brake jams or has a heavy course. To correct.

The brake pipeline is littered. To clean.

Jams a drive of the hand brake, the hand brake is incorrectly adjusted. To adjust the hand brake.

Specially for drum-type brakes:

Weakened returnable springs of brake shoes. To replace returnable springs.

Brake shoes do not depart from a brake disk, the wheel is hardly turned by a hand

Specially for disk brakes:

Corrosion in cylinders of brake supports. To repair a support.

Non-uniform wear of blocks

Specially for disk brakes:

Blocks of inappropriate type are established. To replace blocks.

The support is polluted. To clear support mine.

Heavy piston stroke. To eliminate.

The brake system is not tight. To check tightness of brake system.

When braking the car withdraws aside

Pressure in tires does not correspond to the demanded. To check and modify pressure in tires.

Non-uniform wear of tires. To replace worn-out tires.

Brake shoes are greasy. To replace blocks.

Elements of a suspension bracket of wheels or steering are faulty. To check.

On one axis blocks of different types are established. To replace blocks. To establish original blocks of MAZDA.

Violation of a working surface of a brake shoe. To replace brake shoes.

The brake pipeline is littered. To check brake pressure of the all 4th brakes.

Specially for disk brakes:

Mines of supports are polluted. To clear directing and landing surfaces of blocks in a support.

Corrosion of cylinders of brake supports. To replace a support.

Non-uniform wear of a brake shoe. To replace brake shoes (on both wheels).

Specially for drum-type brakes:

Pistons in wheel cylinders have a heavy course. To replace the wheel cylinder.

Scratch of brakes

The brake shoe (the sensor of wear adjoins to a brake disk) is worn-out. To replace brake shoes.

Often reason in atmospheric influence (humidity of air). If the scratch appears after long parking at the increased humidity and then vanishes, works is not carried out.

Specially for disk brakes:

Blocks of inappropriate type are established. To replace blocks.

The brake disk rotates not parallel to a support. To check surfaces of a prileganiye of a brake support.

The support mine is polluted. To clear support mine.

Springs are stretched. To replace springs.

Specially for drum-type brakes:

Brake shoes of inadequate type are established. To replace blocks.

The block adjoins is inexact. To replace blocks.

The brake is polluted. To clear brakes.

Weakened returnable springs. To replace returnable springs.

Pedal pulsation

Specially for disk brakes:

Too big lateral palpation or the admission on thickness of a brake disk. To check palpation and thickness. To process or replace a disk.

The brake disk rotates not in parallel to a support. To check a surface of a prileganiye of a support.

Specially for drum-type brakes:

Rough surface of a prileganiye of a disk of a wheel to a brake drum, because of it a drum distortion. It is possible to try to change wheels in places. Better: To chisel a brake drum with the screwed wheel on the lathe.

The brake is tightened in itself

The compensatory opening in the main brake cylinder is littered. To clean the main cylinder and to replace internal elements.

Too small gap between a driving rod and the piston of the main brake cylinder. To check a gap (it is carried out in a workshop).

Brakes shiver

Blocks of inadequate type are established. To replace blocks.

Specially for disk brakes:

Brake disk in places корродирован. Carefully to grind a brake disk.

The brake disk has lateral palpation. A disk to process or replace.

Specially for drum-type brakes:

Brake shoes are worn-out. To replace blocks.

The brake drum has not a round form. To chisel a brake drum.

Wedge-shaped wear of brake shoes

Specially for disk brakes:

The brake disk rotates not in parallel to a support. To check surfaces of a prileganiye of a support.

Corrosion in supports. To eliminate pollution.

The piston works incorrectly. To check position of the piston.

Wheels and tires

Wear of tires

Strong wear of the tire on both parties of a working surface. Too low pressure in tires.

Strong wear of the tire in the middle of a working surface, on all circle. Too high pressure in tires.

Non-uniform wear of a protector. Static and dynamic disbalance of a wheel. Too big lateral palpation of a disk is possible.

Non-uniform wear in the middle of a profile. Static disbalance of a wheel. The consequence of strong vertical palpation is possible.

Strong wear of separate places in the middle of a working surface. Blocking traces at complete braking.

Sawtooth wear of a profile. Often together with a rupture of a cord which is not visible outside.

Car overload. To check an internal part of the tire on ruptures of a cord.

Rubber uvulas at lateral edges of a profile. Wrong adjustment of corners of installation of wheels. The tire is worn-out. On back wheels also to check a shock-absorber condition. Formation of agnails on one party of a profile of a forward wheel. Wrong adjustment of a convergence. The tire is worn-out. Frequent movement on wavy surfaces. Fast movement on turns.

On the basis of the tire gaps. At first are visible only from within. Moving through sharp stones.

Unilaterally worn-out working surface. To check disorder adjustment.

Heater

The fan of a heater does not work

The safety lock of the motor of the fan is faulty. To check a fan safety lock, if necessary to replace.

The fan switch is faulty. To check, whether tension is put to preresistors, to remove and check the fan switch.

The electromotor is faulty. To check the electromotor.

The fan of a heater does not work at one of steps

The preresistor is faulty. To check preresistors.

Too low capacity of heating

Too low level of cooling liquid. To check level of cooling liquid, if necessary to add.

The drive of a heater has a heavy course, is faulty. To check a heater drive, if necessary to replace a hummock drive.

The heat exchanger is not tight or littered. To replace the heat exchanger (it is carried out in a workshop).

The fan is not switched off

The drive of a heater has a heavy course, is faulty. To check a heater drive, if necessary to replace a hummock drive.

Noise in the field of the heater fan

Dirt, leaves got. To remove the fan and to clean it, to clear the air channel.

Disbalance of a krylchatka, malfunction of the bearing. To remove the fan motor, to check ease of a course and люфт the bearing.

Electric equipment system

Battery

Too low level of electrolit

Recharge, razzhizheniye (especially in the summer). To add the distilled water to demanded level (on the charged battery).

The electrolit acts from jams

Too high voltage of a charging. To check a tension regulator.

Too high level of electrolit. To pump out superfluous electrolit a suction.

Electrolit density the too low

The electrolit density in one of a banok is much lower than in the others. Short circuit in one bank. To replace the battery.

Electrolit density in two next banks it is obvious below, than in the others. The partition is not tight, because of it there is a carrying-out connection between banks because of what they are discharged. To replace the battery.

The battery is discharged. To charge the battery.

The generator is faulty. To check the generator, if necessary to repair or replace.

Short circuit in wires. To check electric system.

The electrolit because of mistakes contains a large amount of water in service. To level a ratio.

Electrolit density the too high

Acid was added. To level a ratio.

Too low given capacity, tension strongly falls

The battery is discharged. To charge the battery.

Too low voltage of a charging. To check a tension regulator, if necessary to replace.

Plugs of connection are weakened or oxidized. To clear plugs, especially bottom party.

Bad connection of weight between the battery, the engine and a body. To check weight connection, if necessary to establish metal connections or to tighten bolts.

Too big self-discharge of the battery because of electrolit pollution. To replace the battery.

The battery сульфатирована (a gray-white raid on plusovy and minus plates). To charge the battery a small current, to eliminate a raid if after a repeated charging and a discharge the given capacity continues to remain low, to replace the battery.

The battery is worn-out, the active mass of plates failed. To replace the battery.

Insufficient charging of the battery

Malfunction of the generator, regulator of tension or contacts of wires. To check the generator and a tension regulator, to repair or replace; faultlessly to fix wires.

Weakened maple a belt. To pull or replace maple a belt.

Too many consumers are connected. To establish more capacious battery.

Long recharge

Malfunction in a tension regulator, probably, in the generator. To replace a regulator of tension or to check the generator.

Generator

The control lamp of a charge does not burn at included ignitions

The battery is discharged. To charge the battery.

It is weakened or корродирована the weight tire on the generator. To check reliability of contact of a cable of weight, to tighten a bolt.

The lamp fused. To replace.

Fused a safety lock. To replace a safety lock of system of ignition and a charge.

The regulator is faulty. To check a regulator, if necessary to replace.

Wire breakage between the generator, the lock of ignition and a control lamp. To check the voltmeter according to the scheme.

Shtekerny connection between a payment of the relay and the generator is opened. To check, if necessary to replace the tip.

Coal brushes do not adjoin to a contact ring. To check a free wheeling and length of brushes.

The winding of excitement of the generator fused. To replace a rotor.

The control lamp of a charge does not die away at increase in number of turns

Weakened maple a belt. To pull maple a belt.

Coal brushes are worn-out. To replace coal brushes.

The regulator is faulty. To check a regulator, if necessary to replace.

The wire between the generator and a control lamp has short circuit on weight. To replace a plait of wires.

The control lamp of a charge burns after ignition switching off

Plusovye diodes have short circuit. To check diodes, to replace a diode payment.

Starter

The starter does not rotate at turning on of the lock of ignition

The battery is discharged. To charge the battery.

Перемкнуть starter plugs 30 and 50: The starter rotates. Break of a wire 50 to the ignition lock, is faulty the starter switch. To eliminate break, to replace defective details.

Break of a cable or the weight socket, the battery it is discharged. To check cables and battery sockets.

Insufficient passing of a current owing to the weakened or oxidized sockets. To clear poles and battery plugs, to check connections between the battery, a starter and weight.

There is no tension on the plug 50 traction relays. Wire break, the switch of a starter is faulty.

The starter relay is faulty. To check the relay, if necessary to replace

The starter rotates slowly and does not turn the crankshaft

Battery category. To charge the battery.

Summer oil is filled in. To fill in universal oil.

Insufficient passing of a current owing to the weakened or oxidized sockets. To clear poles and battery plugs, to check connections between the battery, a starter and weight.

Coal brushes do not adjoin to a collector, jam in directing, are worn-out, broken, greasy or polluted. To check brushes, to clear or replace. To check the directing.

Insufficient distance between brushes and a collector. To replace brushes and to clear directing brushes.

The collector in grooves or scorched and was made oily. To process a collector or to replace an anchor.

There is no tension on the plug 50 (minute 8 In). To check the switch of a starter or the traction relay.

The traction relay is faulty. To replace the traction relay.

The starter seizes and rotates the engine breakthroughs

The gear wheel drive is faulty. To replace a gear wheel drive.

The gear wheel is polluted. To clear a gear wheel.

The gear wreath of a flywheel is faulty. To process a gear wreath if it is required, to replace a flywheel.

The gear wheel of a starter does not depart from a wreath

The drive of a gear wheel or carving are polluted or damaged. To clear or replace a gear wheel drive.

The traction relay is faulty. To replace the traction relay.

The returnable spring weakened or became torn. To replace a returnable spring.

The starter continues to work after an ignition key otpuskaniye

The traction relay jammed, is not disconnected. At once to switch off ignition, to replace the traction relay.

The ignition lock is not disconnected. At once to disconnect the battery, to replace the ignition lock.

System of screen wipers

Screen wiper brushes

Proskalzyvaniye

Elastic bands are polluted. To clear elastic bands a rigid nylon brush and solution of washing means or alcohol.

Shabby edges of brushes, elastic bands are worn-out or broken off. To replace elastic bands.

The old elastic bands, the cracked surfaces. To replace elastic bands.

In the field of cleaning the water remains gather at once to drops

The windscreen is polluted by varnish polish or oil. To clear a windscreen a pure rag with an udalitel of greasing, oil, силиконов.

The brush clears unilaterally — in one party well, in another is not present

The elastic band is deformed in one party "does not overturn any more". To establish a new elastic band.

The lever of a screen wiper is braided, the brush not precisely adjoins to glass. Carefully to turn the lever, vertical situation will not be reached yet.

Crude surfaces

The elastic band escaped from a frame. Carefully to insert an elastic band into a frame.

The brush adjoins to glass non-uniformly as spring levels or plates are bent. To replace a brush. This malfunction, first of all, appears at negligent installation of a spare brush.

Force of pressing by the lever is too small. Slightly to grease hinges of levers of a screen wiper and a spring or to establish the new lever.